Altogether, five national parks and hundreds of other preserves have been established to maintain nature’s unique value. Estonia is considered one of the world’s best bird-watching destinations due to its prime fly-way location. We have low human population, empty roads and good infrastructure. It should be also noted that Estonia’s low population density offers nature-loving adventurers plenty of space to themselves. The mobile telephone and internet reception found all over the country enables communication with the rest of the world in the most remote locations: isolated beaches or deep in the forest.
Our nature offers yearlong opportunity for nature watching. Temperate climate rules here between the continental and maritime climate, a diagonal line between the limestone-base and the slightly poorer sandstone, in addition we also lie on the Southern border of the coniferous forest zone.
Estonia has untouched beaches, more than 1,000 small islands, heritage landscapes, primeval forests, swamps, bogs, winding rivers with natural riverbeds which are all habitats for many rare species of animals and birds.
Estonia is situated on the East-Atlantic migratory path of Arctic waterfowls, every year millions of waterfowls travel through our coastal waters. What is more, our western taiga forests are especially rich in species. Estonia is, for example, one of the few countries in Europe where it is possible to observe eight different species of woodpeckers. In addition to that, you can meet a lot of galliformes here e.g. the Hazel Grouse, the Capercaillie, and the Grouse.
A lot of such species that cannot be found anywhere else still inhabit our forests. For example, the flying squirrel who can only be seen in Estonia and Sweden. Our forests are made even more fascinating by the mammals living here e.g. lynx, wolf and bear. The lynx and the wolf can be seen during any season but the best period for bear, beaver and elk-watching is from April to September.
Our coastal and wooded meadows are no less important than the forests. It is common to see such plants in these places that have become extinct or rare in the rest of Europe. For example, 76 species of vascular plants were counted in the summer of 2000 on the wooded meadow of Laelatu. This makes Laelatu special in the whole world and it is also a record in North-Europe.
73 - Petr, OK1RP